Article Index

7. Ornament for Clear Realisation (Fourth Chapter)

"By the knower of all, hearers seeking pacification are led to peace; By the knower of paths, those benefiting migrating beings accomplish the welfare of the world; By the perfect possession of it, the subduers teach the varieties possessing all aspects; To these mothers of the Buddhas, together with the host of hearers and bodhisattvas – homage.”


Maitreya’s Ornament for Clear Realisation is the root text for the study of the levels of realisation related to enlightenment according to the Madhyamaka school. This important scripture, traditionally the basis for extensive study in the monastic curriculum, makes explicit these levels which are otherwise presented in only a hidden manner in the Buddha’s Perfection of Wisdom teachings. From among the seventy topics covered by the Ornament, the eleven topics of chapter four have been selected for commentary in the Basic Program curriculum, with an emphasis on the first topic.

ROOT TEXT: Maitreya, Ornament for Clear Realisations
COMMENTARY: Jetsun Chokyi Gyaltsen, General Meaning of the Fourth Chapter

8. Sublime Continuum of the Mahayana – First Chapter: The Tathagata Essence

"I bow to the one who, with no beginning, middle, or end, has a serene stillness and is clear-minded and fully evolved who became clear from his own aspects and once clear, shows fearless, constant paths of the mind to bring realisation to those with no realisation …"


One of the major texts studied in all traditions of Tibetan Buddhism, Maitreya’s Sublime Continuum clarifies the meaning of our Buddha potential, in particular the emptiness of the mind that allows evolution to a state of complete enlightenment. The first chapter of this work, which explains four related ‘vajra’ subjects – Buddha, Dharma, Sangha and Buddha potential – will be the focus of this teaching.

ROOT TEXT: Maitreya, Sublime Continuum of the Mahayana
COMMENTARY: Gyaltsab Je, Commentary on Maitreya’s ‘Sublime Continuum of the Mahayana’

9. Grounds and Paths of Secret Mantra

“In brief, the buddhahood achieved over countless eons, you will attain in this birth, through the most excellent bliss, or the state of Vajradhara.”

Samputa Tantra

Grounds and Paths of Secret Mantra offers a concise overview of the structure of the tantric path, widely acclaimed in Tibet as the swiftest and most sublime means to realise buddhahood. Tantra distinguishes itself in particular through a unique combination of method and wisdom, achieved through meditation on the perfect form of a buddha as completely devoid of true existence. Kirti Lobsang Trinley’s commentary presents the most important features of the four classes of tantra as well as the initiation procedures and particularities of the deity yoga related to each class.

TEXT: Kirti Lobsang Trinley, A Brief Presentation of the Path of Vajrayana OR Ngawang Palden, The Illumination of the Texts of Tantra: The Principles of the Grounds and Paths of the Four Great Secret Classes of Tantra. 

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